Forging the New Regime


Lars Lih, “Lenin and Bolshevism,” The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism, ed., Stephen A. Smith (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), 54-71.

Primary Sources:

V.I. Lenin, “What’s to Be Done?” (1902)

V.I. Lenin, “The State and Revolution” (1918)

For Further Consideration:

V. I. Lenin, “Democracy and Dictatorship” (1918)

Leon Trotskii, “Why Marxists Oppose Individual Terrorism” (1911)

Questions to consider:

  1. What is Lenin’s belief on the role of the state in revolution?
  2. Does Lenin agree with Marxist ideas of history and philosophy?
  3. What distinguishes Bolsheviks and Anarchists?
  4. Can we consider Marxist-Leninism a revolutionary philosophy in its own right?